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Document 1

Will of Peter Trewbody, dated 4 November 1604

In the name of God Amen: The Twenty fourthe daye of November in the Second yeare of the raigne of our Soveraigne Lord James of great Britaine Frannce and Ireland Kinge defender of the faithe &cs Anno domini One thousand Sixe hundred, and Fower
I Peter TREWBODYE of Castell in the parrishe of Lanlevery within the Countye of Cornewall, beinge sicke in bodye but sounde in minde (Laude be unto god) make my Last will and Testament in manner and forme followinge,
First I bequeathe my soule to our Lord Jesu Christe and my bodie to be buried in christian buriall
Item I doe geve and bequeathe unto Grace TREWBODYE my daughter Threescore (60) poundes to be paide to the saide Grace when she shall accomplishe the age of Fifteene yeeres,
Item I doe geve unto Charles TREWBODYE my sonne Threescore (60) poundes to be paide to the saide Charles when he shall accomplishe the age of Twentye yeares, Item I doe geve unto Trysteram TREWEBODYE my sonne Fiftye poundes to be paide to the saide Tristeram when he shall accomplishe the age of Fifteene yeares,
Item I doe alsoe geve unto Thomas TREWBODYE my sonne Fiftye poundes to be paide to the saide Thomas when he shall accomplishe the age of Fifteene yeeres. Item I doe geve to the childe which my wief nowe bearethe in her wombe thirtye poundes to be paide at the ende of one yeare after the birthe of the saide Childe
Provided alwaies, and it is my will and meaninge, that if any of my saide Children doe dye before they accomplishe the age abovesaide that then the somme by me given shall remaine and be unto the rest of my Children which shall by Godes permission accomplishe the age abovesaide
Item I doe alsoe geve unto Margarett my wief all my landes and rentes in Sainte Austell called Bossconiell To have and to holde all the saide landes and rentes unto the saide Margaret my wief untill my sonne Charles TREWBODYE shall accomplishe the age of Twentie and one yeeres,
Item I doe further geve unto my saide wief free libertye to sell and Cutt any
timber there nowe growing in and uppon any of my landes called Castell and Bosconiell For the buildinge or repayringe ^of any houses or yeatts (gates) uppon the saide landes, Provided and it is my will and meaninge that if Margarett my wief doe marrye before Charles TREWBODYE my sonne doe accomplishe the age of twentye and one yeares, that then the saide lands & rentes in St Austell called Bosconiell shall remaine and be unto my saide Sonne Charles TREWBODYE and his heires,
Item I doe geve unto the poore of the parishe of Lanleverye Sixe shillinges to be distributed by mine executor.
Item I doe geve unto the poore of Lestuthiell sixe shillinges. The rest of my goodes and Chattells not geven nor bequeathed I doe geve and bequeathe unto Margarett my wief and her I doe constitute and appointe to be my sole and whole executrix. I doe alsoe ordaine constitute and appoint Walter ROSCAROCKE of Trevallgo Gentleman, and Richard LYNAME of Skewe to be my Overseers to see this
my last will and testament performed Alsoe my will and meaninge is that my Children shalbe mayntayned and governed by mine executrix untill they have accomplished the age abovsaide
In wittnes whereof I have to this my last will & testament sett my signe
and Sealle Signed sealed & delivred in the presents of us
Richard LYNAME
Thomas DUIGLEY
Stephen TALBUTT

The probate is in Latin "octavo die mensis Februarij Anno domini .... Millesimo Sexcentesimo Quinto" eg 8th February 1605

Document 2

Inquiry (Inquisition) into the Property of Peter Trewbody, dated 12 September 1621

Cornub(ia) ss Inquisic(i)o Indentata Capta apud Bodmyn in Com(ium) Cornub’ predict’ duodecimo die Septembris Anno Regni D(omi)ni Nostri Jacobi Dei gra(tia) nunc Regis Anglie Francie et hibernie fidei defensoris &c Decimo Nono: Et Scotie Quinquagesimo quinto. Coram Ric(hard)o BILLINGE Armigero Escaetor’ et Feodar(e) Illustrissimi Principis Charoli Principis Wallie, Ducis Cornub’ et Ebora(ci) et Comita(ti)s Cestrie in Com’ Cornub’ et Devon, Virtute Commissionis d(i)c(t)i d’ni ducis Cornub’ in Natura de Mandamus eid(e)m Escaetor’ et Feodar’ direct, et huic Inquisic’oin annex ad inquirend(um) post mortem Petri TREWBODYE nuper de Lanliverye in Com’ Cornub’ predict’ gen(er)os(i) defunct Ac in pre(se)ntia Edmu(n)di DONRICH gen’ Feodar’ d’c’i d’ni Regis Com’ Cornub’ predict’ p(er) sacr(a)m(entum) Thome CARMINOWE A’ri Jacobi PARKER A’ri Will’mi COURTNEY A’ri Thome BLIGH A’ri Thome HOBLYN A’ri Ed’r’i CHEAPMAN A’ri Thome KESTELL A’ri Henrici REEDE gen’ Joh’nis BERE gen’ Ric’i NEWTON gen’ Thome COWLE gen’ Henrici BATH gen’ et Will’mi SYMONS gen’ QUI dicunt sup(er) sacr’m’ suu(m) quod pred(i)c(t)us Petrus TREWBODYE in Commissione pred(i)c(t)a nomi(n)atus ante obita sua fuit sei(si)tus in Domi(ni)co suo ut de feodo, de et in uno Mesuagio uno gardino uno pomario Triginta acris terre sex acris prati viginti acris pasture et decem acris Jampnoru(m) et bruere cu(m) p(er)tin(entis) vocat(ur) Castell infra p(ar)ochiam de Lanliverye in Com’ Cornub’ predict’, Ac de et in tribus Mesuagiis tribus gardinis tribus pomariis Quadraginta acris terre sex acris prati viginti acris pasture et Sexaginta acris Jampnoru’ et bruere cu’ p(er)tin’ in Bosconwall al(ia)s Bosconnell infra p(ar)ochiam de Saint Austell in Com’ Cornub’ predict’, Ac de et in uno Mesuagio et Triginta acris terre prati pasture Jampnoru’ et bruere cu’ p(er)tin’ in Enysvarth infra p(ar)ochiam de Luxulian in Com’ Cornub’ predict’ Ac de et in uno Mesuagio et decem acris terre prati pasture Jampnoru’ et bruere cu’ p(er)tin’ in Nether Polscoth infra p(ar)ochiam de St Wynnowe in Com’ Cornub’ predict’ Et sic inde scitus existous objit inde sei(si)tus Et Juratores pred(i)c(t)i ulterius dicunt sup(er) sacr’m’ suu’ pred(i)c(t)u(m) quod pred’c’a Ten(emen)ta cu’ p(er)tin’ vocat’ Castell predict’ tene(ba)nt(u)r et tempore mortis pred’c’i Petri TREWBODYE tenebant(u)r de Johne’ ARRUNDELL de Lanherne Ar(miger)o ut de Manerio suo de Nansladron, p(er) que servic Juratores ignorant Et valent p(er) ann(um) in om(n)ib(u)s exitib(u)s ultra reprisas, Sexaginta solidos Et quod pred’c’a Te(neme)nta cu’ p(er)tin’ in Bosconwall al’s Bosconnell predict' Modo tene’nt’r de d(i)c(t)o d(omi)no Principe Charolo Duce Cornub' et tempore mortis pred’c’i Petri TREWBODYE tenebant’r de d’c’o d’no Regio, ut de Man(er)io suo de Tewington p(ar)cell ducate sui Cornub’ in libero et puro socagio, Et p(er) annial’ reddita septem solidoru(m) novem denar(ium) unius obuli et unius quadrantis, Et sect(a) Cur(iae) bis p(er) ann’, Et valent p(er) an(nu)m in om’ib’s exitib’s ultra reprisas Quadraginta solidos. ET quod pred’c’a Te’nta cu’ p(er)tin’ in Enysvarth predict' tene’nt’r de Ric’o ROBERTS Milite et Baronetto, et tempore mortis pred’c’i Petri TREWBODYE tenebant’r de John’e ROBERTS Ar’o ut de Manerio suo de Bodwithgye in libero socagio, Et p(er) annialem redditu(m) triu(m) denarioru(m). ET valent p(er) ann(um) in om’ib’s exitib’s ultra reprisas, sex solidos octo denar’. ET quod pred’c’a Te’nta cu’ p(er)tin’ in Nether Polscoth predict' tene’nt’r de pred'c'o Ric'o ROBERTS Milite et Baronetto et tempore mortis pred’c’i Petri TREWBODYE tenebant’r de Littleton Trenance Ar’o ut de Manerio suo de Polscoth in libero socagio. ET valent p(er) ann(um) in om’ib’s exitib’s ultra repris(a)s decem solidos. Et Juratores pred’c’i ulterius dicunt sup(er) sacr’m’ sui', quod pred'c'us Petrus TREWBODYE tempore mortis sue Nulla alia sive plura terras Ten’ta seu hereditam(en)ta h(ab)uit seu tenuit, de d’c’o d’no Rege aut de d'c'o d'no Duce Cornub', seu de aliquo alio in possessione Rev’c’oe Remanere aut in usu ad Noticiam Juratoru(m) pred'c'oru(m). ET quod pred'c'us Petrus TREWBODYE obijt vicesimo octavo die Februarii Anno Regni d’c’i d’ni n’ri Jacobi nunc Regis Anglie &c Secundo. Et quod Charolus TREWBODYE gen(er)osus est eius filius et propinius heres ET pred'c'o tempore mortis pred’c’i Petri TREWBODYE p(at)ris sui fuit etatis, octo Annoru(m) et viginti dieru(m). IN CUIUS Rei Testimon tam pred'c'us Escaetor et Feodar’ quam Juratores pred’c’i huic presenti Inquisicio(ne)m Sigilla sua apposuerunt dat die Anno et loco suprad(i)c(t)is: 1621 //=//=//=//=//=//=//=//=//=//=
(Signed) .... Richardii Billinge Escaetor et Feodar Du(c)at Cornub

(It could be reworded as;)
Cornwall .. Inquisition, indentured, held at Bodmyn in the County of Cornwall aforesaid on the twelfth day of September in the 19th Year of the reign of our Lord James, by the grace of God, now King of England, France and Ireland, defender of the faith etc: And the 55th year of the reign of Scotland. Before Richard BILLINGE Esquire, Escheator and Feoffor of the most Illustrious Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall and of York and of the County of Chester, in the County of Cornwall and Devon by virtue of the Commission of the said Lord Duke of Cornwall, in the Nature of Mandate, Escheator and Feoffor of the same, direct and for this annexed Inquisition to the inquiry after the death of Peter TREWBODYE lately of Lanliverye in the County of Cornwall aforesaid noble, deceased. And in the presence of Edmund DONRICH gent, Feoffor of the said Lord of the aforesaid County of Cornwall, by the oath of Thomas CARMINOWE Esquire, James PARKER Esquire, William COURTNEY Esquire, Thomas BLIGH Esquire, Thomas HOBLYN Esquire, Edward CHEAPMAN Esquire, Thomas KESTELL Esquire, Henry REEDE gent, John BERE gent, Richard NEWTON gent, Thomas COWLE gent, Henry BATH gent and William SYMONS gent, Who declare upon their oath that the said Peter TREWBODYE named in the said Commission, before his death was seised in his Lord, as of fee, of and in, one Messuage, one garden, one orchard, thirty acres of land, six acres of meadow, twenty acres of pasture and ten acres of furze and heath, with the appurtenances, called Castell, within the parish of Lanliverye in the aforesaid County of Cornwall, AND three Messuages, three gardens, three orchards, Forty acres of land, six acres of meadow, twenty acres of pasture and Sixty acres of furze and heath, with the appurtenances, in Bosconwall alias Bosconnell, within the parish of Saint Austell in the aforesaid County of Cornwall, AND one Messuage and Thirty acres of land meadow pasture furze and heath, with the appurtenances, in Enysvarth within the parish of Luxulian in the aforesaid County of Cornwall, AND one Messuage and ten acres of land meadow pasture furze and heath, with the appurtenances, in Nether Polscoth within the parish of St Wynnowe in the aforesaid County of Cornwall, AND so hence knowing prove to be therein seised when he died, AND the said Jurors further declare upon their aforementioned oath that the aforesaid Tenements, with the appurtenances, called Castell aforesaid, were held at the time of the death of the said Peter TREWBODYE and were bound of John ARRUNDELL of Lanherne Esquire as of his Manor of Nansladron, by which service Jurors do not know AND were worth per annum for all purposes without deductions, Sixty shillings, And that the aforesaid Tenements with the appurtenances in Bosconwall alias Bosconnell aforesaid were now held from the said Lord Prince Charles Duke of Cornwall and at the time of the death of the said Peter TREWBODYE were bound of the said Royal Lord of his manor of Tewington parcel of his dukedome of Cornwall, in free and pure socage for an annual payment of seven shillings and nine pennies, one half penny and one quarter, And suit of court twice per annum, And they were worth per annum for all purposes without deductions, forty shillings. And that the aforesaid Tenements with the appurtenances, in Enysvarth aforesaid, were held of Richard ROBERTS Knight and Baronet, and at the time of the death of the said Peter TREWBODYE were bound of John ROBERTS Esquire as of his Manor of Bodwithgye in free socage, And by the yearly rent of three pence. And they were worth per annum for all purposes without deductions, six shillings eight pennies. And that the aforesaid Tenements with the appurtenances in Nether Polscoth aforesaid were held of the aforesaid Richard ROBERTS Knight and Baronet and at the time of the death of the said Peter TREWBODYE were bound of Littleton TRENANCE Esquire as of his Manor of Polscoth in free socage. And they were worth per annum for all purposes without deductions, ten shillings. And the said Jurors further declare upon their oaths, that the said Peter TREWBODYE at the time of his death neither had nor held any other or further lands, Tenements or hereditaments, of the said Lord King or from the said Lord Duke of Cornwall, nor from any other person, to the knowledge of the aforesaid Jurors. And that the said Peter TREWBODYE died on the twenty eighth day of February in the second year of the reign of the said Lord King James now King of England etc., (1604/1605) And that Charles TREWBODYE noble, is his son and heir, And at the said time of death of the said Peter TREWBODYE his father, was aged eight years and twenty days. In witness whereof both the said Escheat and Feoffor and the said Jurors have to this present Inquest applied their Seals given the day of year and the above named place: 1621 //=//=//=//=//=//=//=//=//=//=
(Signed) .... Richard BILLINGE Escheat and Feoffor Dukedom Cornwall

(The above transcription was only possible with much help from Steven PLUNKETT, for which I give credit and thanks.)

N.B. Words in italics within brackets are inserted by the transcriber e.g. (signed)

Contributed by Grantley Hutchens
 

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