The parish of
The parish of St. Austell is located in the Hundred of
Powder, on the southern coast, near St. Austell Bay.
Originally quite large, the parish of St. Austell has been divided numerous
times; St. Blazey was taken from it in 1845; Charlestown in 1848; and Treverbyn
circa 1849. While St. Blazey was formed into a separate parish in 1845, the
and its registers existed well before that date. Therefore, BMD records would
appear under St. Blazey for the most part.
Par was then formed out of parts of St. Blazey and
Tywardreath in 1850. In 2009, the parish is reforming with a Town Council
government, and splitting once again; new civil parishes will be Pentewan
Valley, St. Austell Bay, and Carlyon.
The parish was not mentioned in the Domesday book.
In 1259 the original church of Holy Trinity was founded; the
baptismal font dates from that time.
St Austell, ©2003, Myra Davey
The church was enlarged and revised in the
late 1400s, and was again heavily revised/remodelled during Victorian times.
The church tower still displays the 15th century carvings of Pentewan stone, and
has been called "a bible carved in stone".
A market town, St. Austell was, for centuries, a small
village, acting as a market centre for the tin mining, farming and fishing
interests in the surrounding area. Then the "secret" of Oriental porcelain
production was discovered in the late 1700s, and St. Austell parish was found
to be rich in the highest grade china clay in the world; it was one of only 5
places in the world where clay of that purity could be obtained.
Simultaneously, immense tin deposits were found at Carclaze mine, which for
centuries had been returning a steady, if unspectacular, stream
of tin. It soon became the largest open tin-mine in the world; eventually, the
pit extended one mile across! After tin collapsed, in the 1860s, Carclaze was
found to also contain huge quantities of china clay. Because the demand for
china clay continued, miners throughout the County moved to the area as other
mines closed. China clay is still a valuable resource to this day, being used in
paper and other industrial products.
The population of St. Austell (the town) was 1,400 in 1804. It continued to grow
through that century and it is now the most populous town in Cornwall, despite
"losing" more than half its territory.
There have been Methodist churches and graveyards, Quaker
meeting houses - one of which was moved for road expansion - Bible Christian
chapels, and Roman Catholic churches over the years. Records for all of these
may be obtained from CRO, and most of the records have been filmed by LDS. The
Holy Trinity burial ground was closed in the 1880s; all remains inside and
outside the church have been removed. High Cross Cemetery has become “Cemetery
Park”, with monuments lining the fences 3 to 5 deep. Campdown cemetery on
Crinnis Road is maintained for Charlestown, and St. Austell Municipal cemetery
on Edgecumbe Road opened in 1882. Both are open to every denomination.
See below for more photographs.
The Online Parish Clerk (Genealogy) for St Austell is Julia Mosman, who
can be contacted by Email.
For information about (and contact details for) the current
council, please see the Cornwall Council website.
my website for extensive records, photographs, maps, and
information about the parish (including history).
I've been an OPC since the inception of the project, and really
enjoy helping people learn more about my parish, as well as
providing parish record information. While I do not live in the
parish, or nearby, I do have friends in the area who will be glad to
help provide photos of specific areas. Please check my website for
information; if you cannot find information there, please contact me
and I'll be glad to offer whatever help possible - Julia.
Census data can
be found at
COCP (Cornwall Online Census Project) which is complete
for 1841 to 1891 and has been verified,
Rootsweb, which has a very good search engine and information from COCP,
as well as
GenUKI, which has more reference information and alternate
For Parish Register information
for St. Austell, please see our online searchable database
(C-PROP) which is updated frequently. The C-PROP coverage page is
The OPC's St. Austell website (with a search
function on the Main Menu page) contains:
Marriage Registers from 1612 to 1900 from Holy Trinity Parish Church, St.
Burials from Holy Trinity for 1565 to 1900
Baptisms for Holy Trinity from 1813-1840
Charlestown parish registers for marriages, baptisms and burials 1850-1900
Treverbyn baptisms, marriages and burials 1848-1900
Transcriptions of Wesleyan and Primitive Methodist, Bible Christian, and
Quaker records, various chapels and circuits.
Transcriptions of the following directories
are on the St. Austell site:
- Bailey's Western and Midland Directory, 1783
- Pigotts' 1837
- Post Office 1856
- Kelly's 1873 - including Holmbush and Mount Charles
Other directories are held by the OPC, such as the
Returns of Owners of Land, 1873. Please contact her by email with
For further information, see GenUKI (link below)
or visit the University
of Leicester's Directories website, which has many directories online to
view for free.
The OPC's St. Austell website also contains:
- A brief history of the parish, under "Guide" -
similar to the one on GenUKI, but revised.
- A large collection of photographs, both old and
new, divided into 6 sections.
- 3 page List of place names, with OS references,
and corresponding maps of the parish
- Transcriptions of:
- Muster List, 1569
- Rents of Manors, 1591
- Parliamentary Survey of 1660
- Poll Tax of 1660
- Hearth Taxes of 1664
- 1841 Census returns for the Workhouse
- 1591 List of Mines, in the Manorial Records –
for all 3 major manors
- Index to Probate Records
- Transcriptions of various MIs
- Reference indexes to books written about St.
St. Austell did not submit a list of persons for the Protestation
Returns of 1641
- List of vicars at Holy Trinity, from Cannon Hammond, 1259 to 1899
- Information on where Manorial Records are held -
also shown on GenUKI, with the OPC's permission
- Articles relating to Life in the Parish, taken
from many sources, and articles on Poor Laws and Use of Aliases, among others,
are included. You can find out what Mine
Captains or tin miners did, as well as how ordinary folk lived (My Grandfather's
On this website:
involving land and buildings, often naming owners and tenants:
- a long and complex document, dated
21 Dec 1810
but referring to several previous legal documents of the 1700s, regarding
Barton Farm and other property in Lanivet, naming Edward COODE of St
related indentures, dated
2 Oct 1811
1 Dec 1811,
involving the people and land of a. above.
- a draft indenture (dated 26 Jun 1840)
made by Bennett and William MITCHELL, regarding John Pascoe BENNETTS and
land in St Austell.
- a transcription of Settlement Examinations,
7 Sep 1847, regarding James Every Beswarick.
- dated 11 Dec
1873, mainly concerning land and buildings in Bodmin, but mentioning Mrs
HODGE of St Austell.
1914-18 War (detail 1)
1914-18 War (detail 2)
1914-18 War (detail 3)
1939-45 War (detail)
|Photographs © John Evans
Click thumbnails to view names
Apr 1604?, John TAUNKYN
Dec 1745, Samuel HORE
Oct 1620, John TONKINGE
Nov 1746, John LONG
Dec 1667, John TONKIN
1749, William WALLIS
23 Jan 1677, John STEPHENS
1750, Grace ROBINS
Feb 1678, Thomas TONKIN
20 Feb 1756, Joan STEPHENS
4 Nov 1724, Thomas STEPHENS
30 Oct 1767, Bond relating to William VIAN's property
Apr 1735, Richard HENSLY
25 Mar 1772, Jane VIAN
1740, William THOMAS
May 1775, Bond relating to John VIAN's property
20 Aug 1740, Thomas STEPHENS
Mar 1801, John HOOPER
Jun 1743, William BURLASE
Mar 1812, John MARTYN
1744, William THOMAS
Jan 1813, Richard MARTYN
Jan 1745, John DADDOE
Sep 1867, John HORE
For more information regarding history, population,
etc., visit GenUKI.
For a zoomable and printable map of Cornwall please visit
Cornwall Council’s mapping website. To see the Parish
boundaries, click on the Layers Tab for Government Boundaries.
For maps and satellite
To enjoy a "walk" around this parish, search for St Austell at
drag the person icon from above the zoom commands and place it at a
specific location on the map.
St Ewe, St Mewan,
St Stephen in
Brannel (pre-1846), Roche (pre-1846),
Blazey (pre-1847) and Charlestown (post-1847).
- St Austell is included in The Parochial History of Cornwall, Volume I by Davies Gilbert,
William Hals, Thomas Tonkin, Henry Samuel Boase, originally published in
1838 (page n80). Also downloadable as a pdf.
The Cornwall Register by John Wallis, A.M. F.S.S., then Vicar of
Bodmin, printed 1847. If the in-built search produces no results, use the
index pages (474-476) to find your parish of interest. Tables of statistics
and other data can be found at the beginning of the book, starting at page
A Cornish Parish: Being an Account of St. Austell, Town, Church, District
and People (1897) by Joseph Hammond
Photographs © John Evans
Click thumbnails to enlarge
Parish Church - Tower
Parish Church - Porch
Parish Church - East End
St John's Methodist Church
A bank in the town