CORNWALL ONLINE PARISH CLERKS - helping bring the past alive


The parish of

ST AUSTELL

The parish of St. Austell is located in the Hundred of Powder, on the southern coast, near St. Austell Bay.
 
Originally quite large, the parish of St. Austell has been divided numerous times; St. Blazey was taken from it in 1845; Charlestown in 1848; and Treverbyn circa 1849. While St. Blazey was formed into a separate parish in 1845, the church and its registers existed well before that date. Therefore, BMD records would appear under St. Blazey for the most part.

Par was then formed out of parts of St. Blazey and Tywardreath in 1850. In 2009, the parish is reforming with a Town Council government, and splitting once again; new civil parishes will be Pentewan Valley, St. Austell Bay, and Carlyon.

The parish was not mentioned in the Domesday book.

In 1259 the original church of Holy Trinity was founded; the baptismal font dates from that time.

St Austell
St Austell, ©2003, Myra Davey
 

The church was enlarged and revised in the late 1400s, and was again heavily revised/remodelled during Victorian times. The church tower still displays the 15th century carvings of Pentewan stone, and has been called "a bible carved in stone".

A market town, St. Austell was, for centuries, a small village, acting as a market centre for the tin mining, farming and fishing interests in the surrounding area. Then the "secret" of Oriental porcelain production was discovered in the late 1700s, and St. Austell parish was found to be rich in the highest grade china clay in the world; it was one of only 5 places in the world where clay of that purity could be obtained.
 
Simultaneously, immense tin deposits were found at Carclaze mine, which for centuries had been returning a steady, if unspectacular, stream of tin. It soon became the largest open tin-mine in the world; eventually, the pit extended one mile across! After tin collapsed, in the 1860s, Carclaze was found to also contain huge quantities of china clay. Because the demand for china clay continued, miners throughout the County moved to the area as other mines closed. China clay is still a valuable resource to this day, being used in paper and other industrial products.
 
The population of St. Austell (the town) was 1,400 in 1804. It continued to grow through that century and it is now the most populous town in Cornwall, despite "losing" more than half its territory.

There have been Methodist churches and graveyards, Quaker meeting houses - one of which was moved for road expansion - Bible Christian chapels, and Roman Catholic churches over the years. Records for all of these may be obtained from CRO, and most of the records have been filmed by LDS. The Holy Trinity burial ground was closed in the 1880s; all remains inside and outside the church have been removed. High Cross Cemetery has become “Cemetery Park”, with monuments lining the fences 3 to 5 deep. Campdown cemetery on Crinnis Road is maintained for Charlestown, and St. Austell Municipal cemetery on Edgecumbe Road opened in 1882. Both are open to every denomination.
 
See below for more photographs.


Cornwall Online Parish Clerks

The Online Parish Clerk (Genealogy) for St Austell is Julia Mosman, who can be contacted by Email.

For information about (and contact details for) the current town & parish council, please see the Cornwall Council website.
Contact details for the church can be found by searching here.

Please visit my website for extensive records, photographs, maps, and information about the parish (including history). (Contents listed at bottom of this page.)
I've been an OPC since the inception of the project and really enjoy helping people learn more about "my parish", as well as providing parish record information. While I do not live in the parish, or nearby, I do have friends in the area who will be glad to help provide photos of specific areas. Please check my website for information; if you cannot find information there, please contact me and I'll be glad to offer whatever help possible - Julia.


PARISH INFORMATION

CENSUS:

Census data can be found at COCP (Cornwall Online Census Project) which is complete for 1841 to 1891 and has been verified, FreeCen at Rootsweb, which has a very good search engine and information from COCP, as well as GenUKI, which has more reference information and alternative resources.

REGISTERS:

For Parish Register information for St. Austell, please see our online searchable database (C-PROP) which is updated frequently. The C-PROP coverage page is here.

DIRECTORIES:

  1830, Pigot's Directory for St Austell & Neighbourhood  

For further information, visit the University of Leicester's Directories website, which has many directories online to view for free.

OTHER:

Bastardy/Filiation Documents:

  8 Aug 1823, John JENKIN & Elizabeth HOSKINS  

Indentures: mainly involving land and buildings, often naming owners and tenants:

  1. a long and complex document, dated 21 Dec 1810 but referring to several previous legal documents of the 1700s, regarding Barton Farm and other property in Lanivet, naming Edward COODE of St Austell.
  2. related indentures, dated 2 Oct 1811 and  1 Dec 1811, involving the people and land of a. above.
  3. a draft indenture (dated 26 Jun 1840) made by Bennett and William MITCHELL, regarding John Pascoe BENNETTS and land in St Austell.
  4. a transcription of Settlement Examinations, dated 7 Sep 1847, regarding James Every Beswarick.
  5. dated 11 Dec 1873, mainly concerning land and buildings in Bodmin, but mentioning Mrs HODGE of St Austell.

Photographs & Maps:

Many photographs are held by the Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum (and copies by the China Clay History Society), not only those related to that industry. John Evans has offered to search them for any of specific families and locations, and electronic copies would be supplied free of charge. Two examples are given below (click thumbnails to enlarge).

A large number of old O.S. Maps of many areas of Cornwall (various scales) are also available, the index is here. For the maps, please keep to the Crown Copyright as explained on the Ordnance Survey website.

   
  St Austell
Ruddle Moor Sand Pit
St Austell
Recruits outside Church 10 May 1915
 
 
© Wheal Martyn & China Clay History Society

Settlement Papers:

  4 Dec 1740, Ralph ESTERBROOK & family (& Luxulyan) 29 ?--- 1803, Catherine RICKARD (& Truro)
  11 Jul 1747, William POLLARD (deposition by brother, John) 17 May 1816, Joseph REYNOLDS
  30 Mar 1758, Gilbert STEPHENS & family (& Luxulyan) 13 Jun 1831, John & Maria MAY & family (& Luxulyan)
  7 Apr 1760, Jane ESTERBROOKE (& Luxulyan) 16 Dec 1834, John WHYATT (& St Breock?)
  14 Jul 1760, Mary HESTERBROOK (& Luxulyan) 6 Dec 1842, John & Elizabeth PETERS (& Luxulyan)
  12 Sep 1761, William TRESAWNA (& Probus) 1 Oct 1844, Elizabeth ROBERTS (& Luxulyan)
  28 Jan 1769, William COON 24 Mar 1849, Catherine MEDLAND & children (& Luxulyan)
  2 Nov 1778, Margery PROCTOR & children (& Truro) 3 Mar 1863, Mary HAM & children (& Luxulyan)
  19 Oct 1793, Simon CLEMOW (& Truro) 6 Jun 1863, Sabina KNIGHT (& Luxulyan)

Voters Lists:

  1. 1851/52
  2. 1852/53
  3. 1856/57
  4. 1864/65

War Memorial:


 
1914-18 War (detail 1)

 
1914-18 War (detail 2)

 
1914-18 War (detail 3)

 
1939-45 War (detail)
Photographs © John Evans

Click thumbnails to view names

Wills:

A list of available Wills and Probate Documents. Copies of those marked as CRO can be ordered from here using the appropriate reference.  For those marked as NA enter the reference in the search box on this page and follow the onscreen instructions.

   1 Mar 1578, Nicholas LAA 9 Oct 1748, William THOMAS
  14 Jan 1588, Oliver SAWLE 17 May 1749, John ROBERTS
  1 Apr 1604?, John TAUNKYN 1 Jun 1749, William WALLIS
  5 Aug 1605, John HONNY 4 Nov 1749, Joseph PEARSE
  12 Oct 1620, John TONKINGE 10 May 1750, Anthony NANCOLAS
  14 Dec 1667, John TONKIN 19 Aug 1750, Grace ROBINS
  23 Jan 1677, John STEPHENS 17 Dec 1750, Thomas MAY
  26 Feb 1678, Thomas TONKIN 19 Oct 1751, John PETHERICK
  11 Dec 1698, Peter GODFREY 15 Mar 1754, William WILLIAMS
  4 Nov 1724, Thomas STEPHENS 20 Feb 1756, Joan STEPHENS
  15 Apr 1735, Richard HENSLY 30 Oct 1767, Bond relating to William VIAN's property
  9 Feb 1740, William THOMAS 25 Mar 1772, Jane VIAN
  20 Aug 1740, Thomas STEPHENS 9 May 1775, Bond relating to John VIAN's property
  2 May 1741, William GITCHARD 11 Mar 1801, John HOOPER
  29 Mar 1743, Thomas JULYAN 7 Nov 1808, William FLAMANK
  14 Jun 1743, William BURLASE 6 Mar 1812, John MARTYN
  6 Jun 1744, William THOMAS 2 Jun 1812, Anna CARVETH
  31 Jul 1744, Michael HIGMAN 6 Jan 1813, Richard MARTYN
  31 Jul 1744, Tristram TREGENNA 13 Feb 1831, Rose FLAMANK
  8 Nov 1744, Thomas LANGMAN 26 Sep 1833, Ann DANIEL
  24 Jan 1745, John DADDOE 15 Nov 1834, John Enis BLACKMORE
  19 Dec 1745, Samuel HORE 16 Mar 1840, Nancy FARRAN
  30 Jan 1746, Samuell COAD 2 Oct 1841, John BROWNE
  12 Nov 1746, John LONG 26 Jul 1842, Nicholas CARBIS
  ? Nov 1747, Thomas NEWTON 23 May 1844, Nicholas Daddow SNELL
  20 Mar 1748, John BROWNE 18 Apr 1849, Martin Daniel BRAIN
  27 Jul 1748, William VAGUE 27 Oct 1849, William COUCH
  13 Aug 1748, Elizabeth BURLACE/BURLASE 5 Sep 1867, John HORE

For more information regarding history, population, etc., visit GenUKI.

MAPS:

For a zoomable and printable map of Cornwall please visit Cornwall Council’s mapping website. To see the Parish boundaries, click on the Layers Tab for Government Boundaries.

For maps and satellite images use Google Maps.

To enjoy a "walk" around this parish, search for St Austell at http://maps.google.co.uk/, then drag the person icon from above the zoom commands and place it at a specific location on the map.

ADJACENT PARISHES:

Mevagissey, St Ewe, St Mewan, Treverbyn (post-1846), St Stephen in Brannel (pre-1846),  Roche (pre-1846), Luxulyan (pre-1846), St Blazey (pre-1847) and Charlestown (post-1847).

ONLINE BOOKS:

  1. St Austell is included in The Parochial History of Cornwall, Volume I by Davies Gilbert, William Hals, Thomas Tonkin, Henry Samuel Boase, originally published in 1838 (page n80). Also downloadable as a pdf.
  2. The Cornwall Register by John Wallis, A.M. F.S.S., then Vicar of Bodmin, printed 1847. If the in-built search produces no results, use the index pages (474-476) to find your parish of interest. Tables of statistics and other data can be found at the beginning of the book, starting at page n9.
  3. A Cornish Parish: Being an Account of St. Austell, Town, Church, District and People (1897) by Joseph Hammond

MORE PHOTOGRAPHS:

Photographs © John Evans
Click thumbnails to enlarge


 
Parish Church - Tower
 

 
Parish Church - Porch
 

 
Parish Church - East End
 

 
St John's Methodist Church

 
A bank in the town


West Bridge

The OPC's St. Austell website (with a search function on the Main Menu page) contains:


REGISTERS:
  • Marriage Registers from 1612 to 1900 from Holy Trinity Parish Church, St. Austell
  • Burials from Holy Trinity for 1565 to 1900
  • Baptisms for Holy Trinity from 1813-1840
  • Charlestown parish registers for marriages, baptisms and burials 1850-1900
  • Treverbyn baptisms, marriages and burials 1848-1900
  • Transcriptions of Wesleyan and Primitive Methodist, Bible Christian, and Quaker records, various chapels and circuits.
DIRECTORIES:
  • Bailey's Western and Midland Directory, 1783
  • Pigotts' 1837
  • Post Office 1856
  • Kelly's 1873 - including Holmbush and Mount Charles
OTHER:
  1. A brief history of the parish, under "Guide" - similar to the one on GenUKI, but revised.
  2. A large collection of photographs, both old and new, divided into 6 sections.
  3. 3 page List of place names, with OS references, and corresponding maps of the parish
  4. Transcriptions of:
  1. Muster List, 1569
  2. Rents of Manors, 1591
  3. Parliamentary Survey of 1660
  4. Poll Tax of 1660
  5. Hearth Taxes of 1664
  6. 1841 Census returns for the Workhouse
  7. 1591 List of Mines, in the Manorial Records – for all 3 major manors
  8. Index to Probate Records
  9. Transcriptions of various MIs
  10. Reference indexes to books written about St. Austell
  11. Note: St. Austell did not submit a list of persons for the Protestation Returns of 1641
  12. List of vicars at Holy Trinity, from Cannon Hammond, 1259 to 1899
  13. Information on where Manorial Records are held - also shown on GenUKI, with the OPC's permission
  14. Articles relating to Life in the Parish, taken from many sources, and articles on Poor Laws and Use of Aliases, among others, are included. You can find out what Mine Captains or tin miners did, as well as how ordinary folk lived (My Grandfather's Home)

Other data is held by the OPC, such as the Returns of Owners of Land, 1873. Please contact her by email with enquiries.